The myrtle family (Myrtaceae) contains about 150 genera and 3,300 species of trees and shrubs. Its members are widely distributed in the tropics and characteristically feature leathery leaves with oil glands. Several are useful as spices, and a number of species are economically important as timber trees. The following is a list of some of the major genera and species in Myrtaceae, arranged alphabetically by common name or genus.
Australian Essential Oil History
Tribute to Traditional Owners – First, Native Nation
Contrary to the world’s belief and the little known fact, Australian Indigenous – Aboriginal peoples had the first natural medicine trading industry in Australia. They taught our early settlers how to use their medicine to heal wounds, colds, sore muscles, skin problems and very beneficial insect repellants.
Our traditional people were the first in the world to have used essential oils. Seven thousand years before the Egyptians. Dated and recorded, yet not acknowledged, as promised, by our government.
Recorded evidence and around 4,000 artefacts were given by the Bundjalung People around Coraki in NSW. This substantially proved they actually distilled and traded TEA TREE up and down the east coast of Australia, with other traditional peoples using other essential oils, such as many different Eucalyptus Oils. Our Tea Tree Oil along with Eucalyptus oil, are still in the Top 5 medicinal oils in the world. May I repeat: Seven thousand years before the Egyptians.
Tea tree: Australia’s oldest medicine
The Macleay Museum holds a significant collection of objects representing the rich diversity of Aboriginal cultural knowledges relating to Australian history. Continue reading Australia’s oldest medicine
Australian Water Dragons
The Australian water dragon (Intellagama lesueurii, formerly Physignathus lesueurii), which includes the eastern water dragon (I. l. lesueurii ) and the Gippsland water dragon (I. l. howittii ) subspecies, Continue reading Australian Water Dragons
Woollarawarre Bennelong, Aboriginal, was captured in November 1789 and brought to the settlement at Sydney Cove by order of Governor Arthur Phillip, who hoped to learn from him more of the natives’ customs and language. Bennelong took readily to life among the white men, relished their food, acquired a taste for liquor, learned to speak English and became particularly attached to the governor, in whose house he lodged.
In May he escaped, and no more was seen of him until September when he was among a large assembly of natives at Manly, one of whom wounded Phillip with a spear. The attack seems to have been the result of a misunderstanding, and Bennelong took no part of it; indeed, he expressed concern and frequently appeared near Sydney Cove to inquire after the governor’s health. The incident was thus
Nation salutes the strong, silent type
Bob Beale – Sydney Morning Herald
March 29, 2008
Paul Keating is right: Sydney was tapped on the shoulder by a rainbow when it got its amazing Opera House. We are right to celebrate it and be super-sensitive to its conservation and the integrity of its setting. Continue reading Gum Trees the silent keepers of Sydney Opera House
On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770. Continue reading Sydney for $5
The antiseptic and healing properties of Eucalyptus Species are well known yet mostly bought at supermarkets for cleaning. Continue reading Eucalyptus Globulus in Depth
“Spirit of Australia”
In 1937 Harold Cazneaux photographed a red gum in Wilpena Pound, in South Australia’s Flinders Ranges. The photograph, titled The Spirit of Endurance, was reproduced on calendars and posters all over the world Continue reading The Spirit of Australia – Why?
Australia’s Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms. The Commonwealth Coat of Arms is the formal symbol of the Commonwealth of Australia. … These symbols are enclosed in a border to represent federation in 1901 when the states united to form a nation. The shield is held by two native Australian animals, a kangaroo to the left and an emu to the right.
“Both the Kangaroo and the Emu were selected for the Coat of Arms as they are the only animals in the world that cannot run backwards.”
The Australian Coat of Arms are the property of the Commonwealth of Australia and are used by the Commonwealth to authenticate documents, to indicate ownership of property, and for other purposes of identification. They may not be used or reproduced by others for other purposes without permission.
The first grant of armorial ensigns, crest and supporters to the Commonwealth of Australia was made in 1908; a new design was granted by Royal Warrant in 1912.
The Commonwealth Arms is commonly but incorrectly referred to as the ‘Commonwealth Crest’. Strictly the Crest is the device above shield and helmet on a coat of arms; in Australia’s case, it is the seven-pointed gold star on the wreath.
The Australian Coat of Arms consists of:
- The Badges of the six States of the Commonwealth arranged on a shield in two rows of three columns:
- New South Wales – Golden Lion passant (right to left) on a red St George’s Cross on a silver background (usually depicted white), with an 8-pointed star on each extremity of the cross.
- Victoria – White Southern Cross (one star of 8 points, 2 of 7 points one of 6 points and one of 5 points), beneath an Imperial Crown, on a blue background.
- Queensland – light blue Maltese Cross with an Imperial Crown at its Centre, on a white background.
- South Australia – the White-Backed Magpie (or Piping Shrike), erect, wings outstretched, on a yellow background.
- Western Australia – Black Swan swimming, left to right, on a yellow background.
- Tasmania – Red Lion passant (right to left) on a white background.
The shield is enclosed by an ermine border, signifying the federation of the States into the Commonwealth.
The Crest of the Arms, consisting of a seven-pointed gold star on a blue and gold wreath. Six points represent each of the States of the Commonwealth, the seventh point represents the Commonwealth Territories.
The Supporters of the Coat of Arms, Australian endemic Fauna: the Kangaroo proper to the left and the Emu proper to the right.
Usually, the Arms are depicted in a compartment adorned with wattle (Acacia pycnantha) leaves and inflorescence, and a scroll with the word “AUSTRALIA” on it under the Arms. The wattle and the scroll and the rests for the Kangaroo and Emu do not constitute part of the Arms.
The devices for each of the six States on the Arms are represented on the Blue Ensigns that are the official state flags.