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Australian Coat of Arms

Australia’s Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms. The Commonwealth Coat of Arms is the formal symbol of the Commonwealth of Australia. … These symbols are enclosed in a border to represent federation in 1901 when the states united to form a nation. The shield is held by two native Australian animals, a kangaroo to the left and an emu to the right.

“Both the Kangaroo and the Emu were selected for the Coat of Arms as they are the only animals in the world that cannot run backwards.”  

The Australian Coat of Arms are the property of the Commonwealth of Australia and are used by the Commonwealth to authenticate documents, to indicate ownership of property, and for other purposes of identification. They may not be used or reproduced by others for other purposes without permission.

The first grant of armorial ensigns, crest and supporters to the Commonwealth of Australia was made in 1908; a new design was granted by Royal Warrant in 1912.

The Commonwealth Arms is commonly but incorrectly referred to as the ‘Commonwealth Crest’. Strictly the Crest is the device above shield and helmet on a coat of arms; in Australia’s case, it is the seven-pointed gold star on the wreath.

The Australian Coat of Arms consists of:

  • The Badges of the six States of the Commonwealth arranged on a shield in two rows of three columns:
  • New South Wales – Golden Lion passant (right to left) on a red St George’s Cross on a silver background (usually depicted white), with an 8-pointed star on each extremity of the cross.
  • Victoria – White Southern Cross (one star of 8 points, 2 of 7 points one of 6 points and one of 5 points), beneath an Imperial Crown, on a blue background.
  • Queensland – light blue Maltese Cross with an Imperial Crown at its Centre, on a white background.
  • South Australia – the White-Backed Magpie (or Piping Shrike), erect, wings outstretched, on a yellow background.
  • Western Australia – Black Swan swimming, left to right, on a yellow background.
  • Tasmania – Red Lion passant (right to left) on a white background.

The shield is enclosed by an ermine border, signifying the federation of the States into the Commonwealth.

The Crest of the Arms, consisting of a seven-pointed gold star on a blue and gold wreath. Six points represent each of the States of the Commonwealth, the seventh point represents the Commonwealth Territories.

The Supporters of the Coat of Arms, Australian endemic Fauna: the Kangaroo proper to the left and the Emu proper to the right.

Usually, the Arms are depicted in a compartment adorned with wattle (Acacia pycnantha) leaves and inflorescence, and a scroll with the word “AUSTRALIA” on it under the Arms. The wattle and the scroll and the rests for the Kangaroo and Emu do not constitute part of the Arms.

The devices for each of the six States on the Arms are represented on the Blue Ensigns that are the official state flags.

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Essential Oil Safety First Details

Detailed Safety Information 

We believe there isn’t any condition – physical, mental, or spiritual that cannot be affected by essential oils. Many of our clients have heard us say, “There is a great oil for that!”

It is important to remember that pure essential oils are highly concentrated extracts; 75 to 100 times more concentrated than dried herbs.   While essential oils are natural products, it is still necessary to follow certain precautions when using them.  They are powerful “medicine!”

You will find a detail description or precautions of any particular safety issues related to the specific essential oil in the description.

The following are general guidelines to follow. Of course, if you have any questions, it is important to consult a qualified Certified or Clinical Aromatherapist or a medical professional who has experience with essential oils.


There are many essential oils that have been listed as dangerous to use during pregnancy. According to Robert Tisserand, essential oils that do not have any known safety concerns can be used at 1% during pregnancy and externally.  Rhiannon Harris suggests that no essential oils should be used during the first trimester, so it is best to keep use to a bare minimum during this period.  Pregnancy is a very delicate time for both mother and fetus so we believe that essential oils should be used cautiously during pregnancy and breastfeeding under the guidance of a Certified or Clinical Aromatherapist or your doctor.


The following essential oils should not be used with anyone suspected of being vulnerable to epileptic seizures: Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Hyssop (Hyssop officinalis), Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), Lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia), White Sage (Salvia apiana), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) True Sage (Salvia officinalis),  Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea), Spike Lavender (Lavendula latifolia), Thuja (Thuja occidentalis), Mugwort (Artemisia herba alba), and Wild Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare).

High Blood Pressure

Some essential oils are stimulating and may increase circulation. Some of these essential oils are Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), Hyssop (Hyssop officinalis), Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), and Spike Lavender (Lavendula latifolia).  Although, there is no evidence that these particular essential oils raise blood pressure.


Photo-toxicity is a toxic reaction provoked by light. The following essential oils can cause a phototoxic reaction on the skin. All cold pressed citruses; Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi), Lime (Citrus aurantifolia), Lemon (Citrus limon), with the exception of Sweet or Blood Orange (Citrus sinesis), Bergamot (Citrus bergamia), Angelica Root (Archangel angelica), Lemon Verbena (Lippia citriodora), Tagetes (Tagetus minuta) and possibly Oppopnax (Commiphora guidotti) are photo toxic, therefore exposure to natural sunlight or tanning beds must be avoided for at least 12 hours after application.  These essential oils applied at any dilution will likely increase the chance of severe burns from ultraviolet light.
Note: any cold-pressed citrus oil can be photosensitizing, but steamed distilled citruses are not.

Neat Usage

When essential oils are used “neat” this refers to essential oils used undiluted on the skin. Essential oils can be used neat for specific situations, but if essential oils are to be used daily and long term, they oils should be diluted to the appropriate concentration. (Please see Application and Dilution section) Use essential oils neat under the guidance and direction of a Certified or Clinical Aromatherapist, or your physician.

Internal Use

Essential oils should only be taken internally after receiving a detailed consultation and prescription from a trained and qualified Aromatherapy Practitioner.

Children, Elders, and those with Serious Health Conditions

Essential oils should be diluted to a maximum of 1% ( 5- 6 drops per 1 oz of carrier oil or crème). Keep all essential oils out of the reach of children; they can be poisonous if swallowed.

Babies and young children

Avoid using essential oils on babies and children less than 5 years of age. Use aromatherapy on children older than 5 years with caution.


Never ever use essential oils on the fur or skin of animals. To use essential oils on animals, you must be directed by a veterinarian who has training in aromatherapy.

Eyes and Mucous membranes

Keep essential oils away from eyes and mucous membranes, and any other orifice of your body. If essential oils do make contact with these areas, flush immediately with a carrier oil…Not water.

Allergies and Sensitivity

People who have allergies to perfumes should proceed cautiously with essential oils.


Essential oils must be stored in dark, airtight, glass bottles because exposure to light, oxygen, and heat causes chemical changes in the oil over time. Please store in a dark place and under 25-30 degrees

Please Note:  For quality assurance in medicinal/therapeutic blending the GC/MS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry) technology is used to assure the purity of each essential oil.  GC/MS also tells us the exact chemical makeup of each oil.  This information is absolutely necessary for medicinal/therapeutic blending and for quality assurance by clinical aromatherapists.

DISCLAIMER: This information is provided purely for informational purposes only, and does not in any way purport to be medical or prescriptive suggestions. Any reference to medicinal or health benefits is not meant to treat or diagnose any problem and is not meant to replace professional medical advice and should not take the place of any prescribed medication that has been prescribed by a physician